After the coup of 1991, Communists in The Soviet Union had hoped to gain control and bring back the old system they had known. Instead, the system changed from being Communist to the opposite of their goal- the system was dissolved and a President, Boris Yeltsin, was put into place. Video footage (Communists on October Square (1991)) shows that the Communists were very upset about the changes that were being made. It cannot be understated what a huge change this really was. The world would change at a political level to what many would say is a unipolar primacy system. For the Communists, this change was unacceptable and their meeting shows that they were not going to stop trying to get their ‘nation back.’
The changes began relatively quick. Another video shows that reparations were attempted to the former hero of the Soviet people, Joseph Stalin. From this, the viewer would surmise that the new system of the former Soviet Union wanted to change its image and appeal to more people (Prayers on Lubianka (1991)). The goal was to be more inclusive and to mourn the loss and repression of those who had been affected by Stalin’s policies.
Getting rid of the symbols of the Soviet Union – The Old Soviet Union
The changes also extended to official naming structure. One of the biggest was the change of the former capital, Leningrad, back to St. Petersburg (Leningrad Back to St. Petersburg). It was a spectacle, and event put on by the city, in which the mayor gave a passionate speech dedicating the name and explaining the historical context as well as the future, and many people turned out to witness the event.
So, after the events of the 1980s and the aggressive nature of negotiations, the Soviet Union finally fell, and the changes were swift, and for some, unexpected. The actions taken by people within the Soviet Union wishing for change alongside the Allies who wanted the Soviet Union dissolved, as well as the general weakness of the Soviet Union late in its history provided the conditions which led to the ultimate end of that global power. The specific changes were symbolic, often, in nature, which led to the hope that the nation could be re-branded to the world for the future.
Yeltsin and the new nation – (Collapse of the Soviet Union)